Colonial medkits include syringes for injection of anti-radiation medication.
This medication is likely designed to allow certain tissues of the human body (typically, the thyroid gland) to block or resist absorption of radiation that proceeds nuclear bomb detonations.
Helo periodically injects himself in the neck (the location of his thyroid gland) to ward off the effects of Caprica's nuclear bombardment as he sought a way off the planet and back to Galactica (TRS: "33").
Samuel Anders and his team, the Caprica Buccaneers, escape the initial destruction, then later, as the organized Caprica Resistance, raid old Colonial Fleet supply depots for anti-radiation medication and other supplies (Resistance).
- Anti-radiation medications do exist on the real-world Earth. One popular drug is potassium iodide, which blocks absorption of radiation by the thyroid gland, which aids in reducing the overall absorption of radioactivity into the human body.
- Another real-world substance that can be used to treat exposure to radioactive agents is Prussian blue. While it doesn't prevent radiation damage, it does react with several radioactive compounds, facilitating their removal from the body.