Law of the Twelve Colonies (RDM)
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There are many legal precedents and laws that bound the Twelve Colonies of Kobol together, as well as methods of trying people under said laws. This article highlights how the laws are treated by the Colonials before and after the Fall of the Twelve Colonies.
Articles of Colonization
- Main article: Articles of Colonization
The Articles of Colonization are the Twelve Colonies' constitution and guarantee its citizens basics rights. They were ratified after the Cylon War.
Citizens of the Colonies may ask for asylum from the military. Rya Kibby, a 17 year old Gemenese woman, sought and successfully gained asylum from the Colonial Fleet's highest ranking officer, Admiral Adama.
The result of asylum in Kibby's case was the successful abortion of her pregnancy, despite her parents' wishes (The Captain's Hand).
Prior to its resurgence post-Fall, abortion is an issue heavily contested in the Colonies, despite its legalization. In particular, the Gemenese argue against the practice on religious grounds; Laura Roslin makes the claim that she has fought for women's reproductive rights for her entire political career, and would not concede to Representative Sarah Porter's demands regarding Kibby.
As a result of population projections provided by Gaius Baltar, which highlighted the necessity of repopulating the human species, Roslin overturned the abortion laws thus making it illegal for abortions to happen anywhere in the Fleet (The Captain's Hand).
Each colony has their own laws as part of their autonomy from the federal government. For example, on Gemenon, children are legally owned by their parents until they are 18 years of age (The Captain's Hand).
Moreover, prior to Gaius Baltar's trial, for collaboration with the Cylons, there is debate among the Fleet's leadership and judicial experts under which colony's law he should be tried. This implies the absence of a federal criminal code. The lack of a comprehensive law library of all colonies, but Adama having some of his father's legal books, may have resulted in the use of Caprican law (A Day in the Life).
Colonial law knows jury trials as well as tribunals. The right to a trial before a jury of one's peers seems to be guaranteed by the Articles of Colonization ("Collaborators", "Taking a Break From All Your Worries"). However, Gaius Baltar is tried by five judges, who are randomly selected from the Fleet's ships' captains (Crossroads, Part I & II).
The prosecution and defense of the accused is conducted by attorneys and sometimes legal aides. 
- Law of the Twelve Colonies (TOS)|TOS's Laws of the Twelve Colonies
- Joseph Adama|Joseph Adama
- Romo Lampkin|Romo Lampkin
- See Also
- Articles of Colonization|Articles of Colonization