Battlestar Wiki Difference between revisions of "Battlestar Wiki:Help"

Difference between revisions of "Battlestar Wiki:Help"

From Battlestar Wiki, the free, open content Battlestar Galactica encyclopedia and episode guide
 
(Replacing page with '{{Project|Help System|shortcut=BW:HELPSYS<br/>BW:HELP}}')
 
Line 1: Line 1:
{{cleanup}}
{{Project|Help System|shortcut=BW:HELPSYS<br/>BW:HELP}}
 
{{Policy|Add Date}}
 
<!--
Hello, New User!
  If you want to test out editing pages, please
  use the "Sandbox" for your tests.  To go to the
  sandbox, type "Sandbox" in the search box on the
  left, and hit "Go". Or click the link at the
  beginning of the article.
-->
 
    {{derivative2|
    INTERWIKI=Wikipedia|
    TITLE=Wikipedia:Help|  
    TITLE_TEXT=Wikipedia's How to edit a page|
    LICENSE=[[GFDL]]
    }}
 
'''Battlestar Wiki''' is a [[Wikipedia:Wiki|Wiki]], which means that anyone can easily edit any [[Wikipedia:Protected page|unprotected]] [[Wikipedia:What is an article|article]] and have those changes posted immediately to that page. 
 
Editing a Wiki page is very easy. Simply click on the "'''Edit this page'''" tab at the top (or the edit link on the right or bottom) of a Wiki page. This will bring you to a page with a text box containing the editable text of that page. '''If you just want to experiment, please do so in the [[BW:SAND|sandbox]]'''; not here. You should write a short [[Wikipedia:Edit summary|edit summary]] in the small field below the edit-box. You may use shorthand to describe your changes, as described in the [[Wikipedia:Edit summary legend|legend]], and when you have finished, press [[Wikipedia:Show preview|preview]] to see how your changes will look. If you're happy with what you see, then press "Save" and your changes will be immediately applied to the article.  Do not "sign" edits you make to regular articles (the software keeps track of who makes every change).
 
You can also click on the "'''Discussion'''" tab to see the corresponding [[Wikipedia:Talk page|talk page]], which contains comments about the page from other Wikipedia users. Click on the "'''+'''" tab to add a new section, or edit the page in the same way as an article page.  When editing talk pages, please sign your change, see [[Wikipedia:Sign your posts on talk pages]].
 
== Tips on editing Wikipedia articles ==
 
Always use a [[Battlestar Wiki:neutral point of view|neutral point of view]], as Wikipedia is not a place to promote points of view.
 
[[Wikipedia:Cite your sources|Cite your sources]] so others can check and extend your work. Most Wikipedia articles currently lack good references, and this contributes to Wikipedia's single greatest criticism &ndash; that it is not a reliable source.  Please help by researching online and print resources to find references for the article you are working on, then cite them in proper form, and consider in-text citation for contentious facts.  There is no consensus on the best way to do that, but anything is better than nothing.  You can either use in-text citation in academic form such as (Example, 2004, pp 22-23) or as a superscript<sup>[[Wikipedia:WikiProject Fact and Reference Check|1]]</sup> to a footnote that you place at the end of an article.
 
After making a new page, it's a good idea to:
*With your page displayed, use ''What links here'' to check the articles that already link to it, and make sure that they are all expecting the same meaning that you have supplied;
*Use the Search button to search Wikipedia for your topic title (and possible variants), to find articles that mention it, and make links from them if appropriate...
 
== Minor edits ==
''See also [[Wikipedia:Minor edit]]''
 
When editing a page, a [[Wikipedia:How to log in|logged-in]] user can mark that edit as being "minor". Minor edits generally mean spelling corrections, formatting, and minor rearrangement of text. It is possible to ''hide'' minor edits when viewing [[Wikipedia:Recent Changes]]. Marking a significant change as a minor edit is considered bad behavior, and even more so if it involves the deletion of some text. If one has accidentally marked an edit as minor, the person should edit the source once more, mark it major (or, rather, ensure that the check-box for "This is a minor edit" is not checked), and, in the summary, state that the previous change was a major one.
 
== Wiki markup ==
 
The '''wiki markup''' is the syntax system you can use to format a Wikipedia page.
 
In the left column of the table below, you can see what effects are possible. In the right column, you can see how those effects were achieved. In other words, to make text look like it looks in the left column, type it in the format you see in the right column.
 
You may want to keep this page open in a separate browser window for reference. '''If you want to try out things without danger of doing any harm, you can do so in the [[Wikipedia:Sandbox|Sandbox]]'''. Try opening the Sandbox in a separate window or tab and keeping this page open for reference.
 
----
<!--
:'''The rest of this page is deprecated but will be updated periodically.'''
:'''Please direct edits to the [[meta:MediaWiki User's Guide: Editing overview|Meta-Wikimedia version of this page]]'''
 
-->
=== Sections, paragraphs, lists, and lines ===
{| border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0"
|-
! What it looks like
! What you type
|- valign="top"
|
Start your [[Wikipedia:Manual of Style (headings)|sections]] as follows:
 
<!-- The following code messes up the table of contents
    and makes the section edit links much less useful,
    so please do not use it.
==New section==
===Subsection===
====Sub-subsection====
-->
<!-- The following should look almost the same, using
    HTML headings markup instead of wiki headings.
    However, it messes up the section edit links,
    so please do not use it.
<h2>New section</h2>
<h3>Subsection</h3>
<h4>Sub-subsection</h4>
-->
<!-- The following just uses bolding and font changes,
    so it should be safe.  However, it might not
    look exactly right, especially when people
    use non-standard CSS stylesheets.
-->
'''<font style="font-size:120%">New section</font>'''
 
'''<font style="font-size:110%">Subsection</font>'''
 
'''<font style="font-size:100%">Sub-subsection</font>'''
 
* Start with a second-level heading (<tt><nowiki>==</nowiki></tt>); do not use first-level headings (=).
* Do not skip levels (for example, second-level followed by fourth-level).
* A [[#Placement_of_the_Table_of_Contents_.28TOC.29|Table of Contents]] will automatically be added to an article that has four or more sections.
|
<pre><nowiki>
==New section==
 
===Subsection===
 
====Sub-subsection====
</nowiki></pre>
|- valign="top"
|
A single [[Wikipedia:newline|newline]]
generally has no effect on the layout.
These can be used to separate
sentences within a paragraph.
Some editors find that this aids editing
and improves the function ''diff''
(used internally to compare
different versions of a page).
 
But an empty line
starts a new paragraph.
 
* When used in a list, a newline ''does'' affect the layout ([[#lists|see below]]).
|
<pre><nowiki>
A single [[newline]]
generally has no effect on the layout.
These can be used to separate
sentences within a paragraph.
Some editors find that this aids editing
and improves the function ''diff''
(used internally to compare
different versions of a page).
 
But an empty line
starts a new paragraph.
</nowiki></pre>
|- valign="top"
|
You can break lines<br/>
without starting a new paragraph.
 
* Please use this sparingly.
* Close markup between lines, do not start a [[Wikipedia:link|link]] or ''italics'' or '''bold''' on one line and close it on the next.
|
<pre><nowiki>
You can break lines<br/>
without starting a new paragraph.
</nowiki></pre>
|- id="lists" valign="top"
|
* Lists are easy to do:
** Start every line with a star (= [[Wikipedia:asterisk|asterisk]]).
*** More stars means deeper levels.
**** A newline in a list
marks the end of a list item.
 
* An empty line starts a new list.
|
<pre><nowiki>
* Lists are easy to do:
** Start every line with a star.
*** More stars means deeper levels.
**** A newline in a list
marks the end of a list item.
 
* An empty line starts a new list.
</nowiki></pre>
|- valign="top"
|
# Numbered lists are also good
## very organized
## easy to follow
### easier still
|
<pre><nowiki>
# Numbered lists are also good
## very organized
## easy to follow
### easier still
</nowiki></pre>
|- valign="top"
|
* You can even do mixed lists
*# and nest them
*#* like this
|
<pre><nowiki>
* You can even do mixed lists
*# and nest them
*#* like this
</nowiki></pre>
|- valign="top" id="definition"
|
; Definition list : list of definitions
; item : the item's definition
; another item
: the other item's definition
 
* One item per line; a newline can appear before the colon, but using a space before the colon improves parsing.
|
<pre><nowiki>
; Definition list : list of definitions
; item : the item's definition
; another item
: the other item's definition
</nowiki></pre>
|- valign="top"
|
: A colon indents a line or paragraph.
A manual newline starts a new paragraph.
 
* This is primarily for displayed material, but is also used for discussion on [[Wikipedia:Talk page|Talk page]]s.
|
<pre><nowiki>
: A colon indents a line or paragraph.
A manual newline starts a new paragraph.
</nowiki></pre>
|- valign=top
|
IF a line starts with a space THEN
it will be formatted exactly
as typed;
in a fixed-width font;
lines will not wrap;
ENDIF
 
*This is useful for:
** pasting preformatted text;
** algorithm descriptions;
** program source code;
** [[Wikipedia:ASCII art|ASCII art]];
** chemical structures;
* '''WARNING''': If you make it wide, you [[Wikipedia:page widening|force the whole page to be wide]] and hence less readable, especially for people who use lower resolutions. Never start ordinary lines with spaces.
|
<pre><nowiki>
IF a line starts with a space THEN
it will be formatted exactly
as typed;
in a fixed-width font;
lines will not wrap;
ENDIF
</nowiki></pre>
|- valign="top"
|
<center>Centered text.</center>
 
* Please note the American spelling of "center."
|
<pre><nowiki>
<center>Centered text.</center>
</nowiki></pre>
|- valign="top"
|
A [[Wikipedia:horizontal dividing line|horizontal dividing line]]:
this is above it
----
and this is below it.
 
* Mainly useful for separating threads on Talk pages.
* Also used to [[Wikipedia:Disambiguation|disambiguate]] within an article without creating a separate page.
|
<pre><nowiki>
A [[horizontal dividing line]]:
this is above it
----
and this is below it.
</nowiki></pre>
|}
 
=== Links and URLs ===
{| border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0"
|-
! What it looks like
! What you type
|- valign="top"
|
A battlestar has a [[Viper (RDM)]] squadron.
 
* A link to another Wikipedia article.
* Internally, the first letter of the target page is automatically capitalized and spaces are represented as underscores (typing an underscore in the link has the same effect as typing a space, but is not recommended).
* Thus the link above is to the [[Wikipedia:URL|URL]] http://www.battlestarwiki.org/en/index.php/Viper_%28RDM%29, which is the Battlestar Wikipedia article with the name "Viper (RDM)". See also [[Wikipedia:Canonicalization]].
|
<pre><nowiki>
A battlestar has a [[Viper (RDM)]] squadron.
</nowiki></pre>
|- valign="top"
|
The ''Galactica'' also has [[Viper (RDM)|Mark II Vipers]].
 
* Same target, different name.
* This is a [[Wikipedia:piped link|piped link]].
|
<pre><nowiki>
The ''Galactica'' also has
[[Viper (RDM)|Mark II Vipers]].
</nowiki></pre>
|- valign="top"
|
The [[Cylon]]s also have defensive fighter craft called [[raider]]s.  The initial model of raiders looked like "flying wings" and were piloted by a trio of [[Cylon Centurion]]s.
* Endings are blended into the link.
* Preferred style is to use this instead of a piped link, if possible.
|
<pre><nowiki>The [[Cylon]]s also have defensive fighter
craft called [[raider]]s.  The first type of
raiders looked like "flying wings" and were
piloted by a trio of [[Cylon Centurion]]s.
</nowiki></pre>
|- valign="top"
|
See the [[Wikipedia:Manual of Style]].
 
* A link to another [[Wikipedia:namespace|namespace]].
|
<pre><nowiki>
See the [[Wikipedia:Manual of Style]].
</nowiki></pre>
|- id="link-to-section" valign="top"
|
[[Humano-Cylon#Sharon Valerii]] is a link
to a section within another page.
 
[[#Links and URLs]] is a link
to a section on the current page.
 
[[#example]] is a link to an
anchor that was created using
<div id="example">an id attribute</div>
 
* The part after the number sign (#) must match a section heading on the page. Matches must be exact in terms of spelling, case, and punctuation.  Links to non-existent sections are not broken; they are treated as links to the top of the page.
* Identifiers may be created by attaching an <code>id="..."></code> attribute to almost any HTML element.
|
<pre><nowiki>
[[Humano-Cylon#Sharon Valerii]] is a link
to a section within another page.
 
[[#Links and URLs]] is a link
to a section on the current page.
 
[[#example]] is a link to an
anchor that was created using
<div id="example">an id attribute</div>
</nowiki></pre>
|- valign="top"
|
Automatically hide stuff in parentheses:
[[Resistance (episode)|Resistance]].
 
Automatically hide namespace:
[[Wikipedia:Village Pump|Village Pump]].
 
Or both:
[[Wikipedia:Manual of Style (headings)|Manual of Style]]
 
But not:
[[Wikipedia:Manual of Style#Links|]]
 
* The server fills in the part after the pipe character (|) when you save the page. The next time you open the edit box you will see the expanded piped link. When [[Wikipedia:Show preview|preview]]ing your edits, you will not see the expanded form until you press '''Save''' and '''Edit''' again. The same applies to links to sections within the same page ([[#link-to-section|see previous entry]]).
|
<pre><nowiki>
Automatically hide stuff in parentheses:
[[Resistance (episode)|]].
 
Automatically hide namespace:
[[Wikipedia:Village Pump|]].
 
Or both:
[[Wikipedia:Manual of Style (headings)|]]
 
But not:
[[Wikipedia:Manual of Style#Links|]]
</nowiki></pre>
|- valign="top"
|
[[The weather on Caprica]] is a page
that does not exist yet.
 
* You can create it by clicking on the link (but please do not do so with this particular link).
* To create a new page:
*# Create a link to it on some other (related) page.
*# Save that page.
*# Click on the link you just made. The new page will open for editing.
* For more information, see [[Wikipedia:How to start a page|How to start a page]] and check out Wikipedia's [[Wikipedia:Naming conventions|naming conventions]].
* Please do not create a new article without linking to it from at least one other article.
|
<pre><nowiki>
[[The weather on Caprica]] is a page
that does not exist yet.
</nowiki></pre>
|- valign="top"
|
[[Wikipedia:How to edit a page]] is this page.
 
* [[Wikipedia:Self link|Self link]]s appear as bold text when the article is viewed.
* Do not use this technique to make the article name bold in the first paragraph; see the [[Wikipedia:Manual of Style#Article titles|Manual of Style]].
|
<pre><nowiki>
[[Wikipedia:How to edit a page]] is this page.
</nowiki></pre>
|- valign="top"
|
When adding a comment to a Talk page,
you should sign it by adding
three tildes to add your user name:
: [[User:Number 6|Shelly Godfrey]]
or four to add user name plus date/time:
: [[User:Number 6|Shelly Godfrey]] 00:18, Nov 19, 2004 (UTC)
Five tildes gives the date/time alone:
: 00:18, Nov 19, 2004 (UTC)
 
* The first two both provide a link to your [[Wikipedia:user page|user page]].
|
<pre><nowiki>
When adding a comment to a Talk page,
you should sign it by adding
three tildes to add your user name:
: ~~~
or four for user name plus date/time:
: ~~~~
Five tildes gives the date/time alone:
: ~~~~~
</nowiki></pre>
|- valign="top"
|
* [[Wikipedia:Redirect|Redirect]] one article title to another by placing a directive like the one shown to the right on the ''first'' line of the article (such as at a page titled "[[Shelly Godfrey]]").
* Note that, while it is possible to link to a section, it is not possible to redirect to a section. For example, "<nowiki>#REDIRECT [[FTL#Cylon Advantage]]</nowiki>" will redirect to the [[FTL]] page, but not to any particular section on it. This feature '''will not''' be implemented in the future, so such redirects should not be used.
|
<pre><nowiki>
#REDIRECT [[United States]]
</nowiki></pre>
|- valign="top"
|
* Link to a page on the same subject in another language by using a link of the form: <nowiki>[[language code:Title]]</nowiki>.
* It does not matter where you put these links while editing as they will always show up in the same place when you save the page, but placement at the end of the edit box is recommended.
* Please see [[Wikipedia:Interlanguage links]] and the [[Wikipedia:Complete list of language wikis available|list of languages and codes]].
|
<pre><nowiki>
[[fr:Wikipédia:Aide]]
</nowiki></pre>
|- valign="top"
|
'''What links here''' and '''Related changes'''
pages can be linked as:
[[Special:Whatlinkshere/Wikipedia:How to edit a page]]
and
[[Special:Recentchangeslinked/Wikipedia:How to edit a page]]
 
|
<pre><nowiki>
'''What links here''' and '''Related changes'''
pages can be linked as:
[[Special:Whatlinkshere/Wikipedia:How to edit a page]]
and
[[Special:Recentchangeslinked/Wikipedia:How to edit a page]]
</nowiki></pre>
|- valign="top"
|
A user's '''Contributions''' page can be linked as:
[[Special:Contributions/UserName]]
or
[[Special:Contributions/192.0.2.0]]
|
<pre><nowiki>
A user's '''Contributions''' page can be linked as:
[[Special:Contributions/UserName]]
or
[[Special:Contributions/192.0.2.0]]
</nowiki></pre>
|- valign="top"
|
* To put an article in a [[Wikipedia:Category|Category]], place a link like the one to the right anywhere in the article. As with interlanguage links, it does not matter where you put these links while editing as they will always show up in the same place when you save the page, but placement at the end of the edit box is recommended.
|
<pre><nowiki>
[[Category:Character sets]]
</nowiki></pre>
|- valign="top"
|
* To ''link'' to a [[Wikipedia:Category|Category]] page without putting the article into the category, use an initial colon (:) in the link.
|
<pre><nowiki>
[[:Category:Character sets]]
</nowiki></pre>
|- id="link-external" valign="top"
|
Three ways to link to external (non-wiki) sources:
# Bare URL: http://www.nupedia.com/ (bad style)
# Unnamed link: [http://www.nupedia.com/] ('''very bad style''')
# Named link: [http://www.nupedia.com Nupedia]
 
:See [[MetaWikiPedia:Interwiki_map]] for the list of shortcuts.
 
* Square brackets indicate an external link. Note the use of a ''space'' (not a pipe) to separate the URL from the link text in the "named" version.
* In the [[Wikipedia:URL|URL]], all symbols must be among:<br/>'''A-Z a-z 0-9 . _ \ / ~ % - + &amp; # ? ! = ( ) @ \x80-\xFF'''
* If a URL contains a character not in this list, it should be encoded by using a percent sign (%) followed by the [[Wikipedia:hexadecimal|hex]] code of the character, which can be found in the table of [[Wikipedia:ASCII#ASCII printable characters|ASCII printable characters]]. For example, the caret character (^) would be encoded in a URL as '''%5E'''.
* There is a class that can be used to remove the arrow image from the external link. It is used in [[Wikipedia:Template:Ref|Template:Ref]] to stop the URL from expanding during printing. It should '''never''' be used in the main body of an article. However, there is an exception: wikilinks in Image markup. An example of the markup is as follows:
** Markup: <nowiki><span class="plainlinksneverexpand">[http://www.sysinternals.com/ntw2k/freeware/winobj.shtml WinObj]</span></nowiki>
** Display: <span class="plainlinksneverexpand">[http://www.sysinternals.com/ntw2k/freeware/winobj.shtml WinObj]</span>
* See [[Wikipedia:External links]] for style issues.
|
<pre><nowiki>
Three ways to link to external (non-wiki) sources:
# Bare URL: http://www.nupedia.com/ (bad style)
# Unnamed link: [http://www.nupedia.com/] ('''very bad style''')
# Named link: [http://www.nupedia.com Nupedia]
</nowiki></pre>
|- valign="top"
|
Linking to other wikis:
# [[Wikipedia:Interwiki|Interwiki]] link: [[Wiktionary:Hello]]
# Named interwiki link: [[Wiktionary:Hello|Hello]]
# Interwiki link without prefix: [[Wiktionary:Hello|Hello]]
 
* All of these forms lead to the URL http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Hello
* Note that interwiki links use the ''internal'' link style.
* See [[MetaWikiPedia:Interwiki_map]] for the list of shortcuts; if the site you want to link to is not on the list, use an external link ([[#link-external|see above]]).
* See also [[Wikipedia:How to link to Wikimedia projects]].
 
Linking to another language's wiktionary:
# [[Wiktionary:fr:bonjour]]
# [[Wiktionary:fr:bonjour|bonjour]]
# [[Wiktionary:fr:bonjour|fr:bonjour]]
 
* All of these forms lead to the URL http://fr.wiktionary.org/wiki/bonjour
|
<pre><nowiki>
Linking to other wikis:
# [[Interwiki]] link: [[Wiktionary:Hello]]
# Named interwiki link: [[Wiktionary:Hello|Hello]]
# Interwiki link without prefix: [[Wiktionary:Hello|]]
 
Linking to another language's wiktionary:
# [[Wiktionary:fr:bonjour]]
# [[Wiktionary:fr:bonjour|bonjour]]
# [[Wiktionary:fr:bonjour|]]
</nowiki></pre>
|- valign="top"
|
ISBN 012345678X
 
ISBN 0-12-345678-X
 
* Link to books using their [[Wikipedia:ISBN|ISBN]] numbers. This is preferred to linking to a specific online bookstore, because it gives the reader a choice of vendors.
* ISBN links do not need any extra markup, provided you use one of the indicated formats.
|
<pre><nowiki>
ISBN 012345678X
 
ISBN 0-12-345678-X
</nowiki></pre>
|- valign=top
|
Date formats:
# [[July 20]], [[1969]]
# [[20 July]] [[1969]]
# [[1969]]-[[07-20]]
# [[1969-07-20]]
 
* Link dates in one of the above formats, so that everyone can set their own display order. If [[Special:Userlogin|logged in]], you can use [[Special:Preferences]] to change your own date display setting.
* All of the above dates will appear as "[[20 July|20 July]] [[1969|1969]]" if you set your date display preference to "15 January 2001", but as "[[20 July|July 20]], [[1969|1969]]" if you set it to "January 15, 2001", or as "[[1969|1969]]-[[July 20|07-20]]" if you set it to "2001-01-15".
|
<pre><nowiki>
Date formats:
# [[July 20]], [[1969]]
# [[20 July]] [[1969]]
# [[1969]]-[[07-20]]
# [[1969-07-20]]
 
</nowiki></pre>
|- valign="top"
|
[[media:Sg_mrob.ogg|Sound]]
 
*To include links to non-image uploads such as sounds, use a "media" link. For images, [[#Images|see next section]].
 
Some uploaded sounds are listed at [[Wikipedia:Sound]].
|
<pre><nowiki>
[[media:Sg_mrob.ogg|Sound]]
</nowiki></pre>
|}
 
=== Images ===
{| border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0"
|-
! What it looks like
! What you type
|- valign="top"
| A picture: [[Wikipedia:Image:Wiki.png]]
 
or, with alternative text:
[[Wikipedia:Image:Wiki.png|jigsaw globe]]
 
or, floating to the right side of the page and with a caption:
[[Wikipedia:Image:Wiki.png|frame|Wikipedia Encyclopedia]]<br clear=all>
 
or, floating to the right side of the page ''without'' a caption:
[[Wikipedia:Image:Wiki.png|right|Wikipedia Encyclopedia]]<br clear=all>
 
* Only images that have been uploaded to Wikipedia can be used. To upload images, use the [[Special:Upload|upload page]]. You can find the uploaded image on the [[Special:Imagelist|image list]].
* See the [[Wikipedia:Image use policy|image use policy]] and [[Wikipedia:Image markup|extended image markup/syntax]] pages for more hints.
* Alternative text, used when the image is not loaded, in a text-only browser, or when spoken aloud, is '''strongly''' encouraged. See [[Wikipedia:Alternate text for images|Alternate text for images]] for help on choosing it.
* The frame tag automatically floats the image right.
| <pre><nowiki>
A picture: [[Image:Wiki.png]]</nowiki>
 
or, with alternative text:
<nowiki>[[Image:Wiki.png|jigsaw globe]]</nowiki>
 
or, floating to the right side of the page and with a caption:
<nowiki>[[Image:Wiki.png|frame|Wikipedia Encyclopedia]]</nowiki>
 
or, floating to the right side of the page ''without'' a caption:
<nowiki>[[Image:Wiki.png|right|Wikipedia Encyclopedia]]</nowiki></pre>
|-
|
Clicking on an uploaded image displays a description page, which you can also link directly to: [[:Image:Wiki.png]]
| <pre><nowiki>
 
[[:Image:Wiki.png]]
</nowiki></pre>
|-
|
To include links to images shown as links instead of drawn on the page, use a "media" link.
 
<br/>[[Wikipedia:media:Tornado.jpg|Image of a Tornado]]
|
<pre>
<nowiki>
 
[[media:Tornado.jpg|Image of a Tornado]]
 
</nowiki></pre>
|}
 
=== Character formatting ===
{| border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0"
|- valign="top"
! What it looks like
! What you type
|- id="emph" valign="top"
|
''Emphasize'', '''strongly''', '''''very strongly'''''.
* These are double, triple, and quintuple apostrophes (single-quote marks), not double-quote marks.
|
<pre><nowiki>
''Emphasize'', '''strongly''', '''''very strongly'''''.
</nowiki></pre>
|- valign="top"
|
<math>\sin x + \ln y</math><br>
sin''x'' + ln''y''
<!-- no space between roman "sin" and italic "x" -->
 
<math>\mathbf{x} = 0</math><br>
'''x''' = 0
 
Ordinary text should use [[#emph|wiki markup for emphasis]], and should not use <code>&lt;i&gt;</code> or <code>&lt;b&gt;</code>.  However, mathematical formulas often use italics, and sometimes use bold, for reasons unrelated to emphasis.  Complex formulas should use [[Wikipedia:Help:Formula|<code>&lt;math&gt;</code> markup]], and simple formulas may use <code>&lt;math&gt;</code>; or <code>&lt;i&gt;</code> and <code>&lt;b&gt;</code>; or <code><nowiki>''</nowiki></code> and <code><nowiki>'''</nowiki></code>.  According to [[Wikipedia:WikiProject Mathematics#Italicization and bolding|WikiProject Mathematics]], wiki markup is preferred over HTML markup like <code>&lt;i&gt;</code> and <code>&lt;b&gt;</code>.
|
<pre><nowiki>
<math>\sin x + \ln y</math>
sin''x'' + ln''y''
 
<math>\mathbf{x} = 0</math>
'''x''' = 0
</nowiki></pre>
|- valign="top"
|
A typewriter font for <tt>monospace text</tt>
or for computer code: <code>int main()</code>
 
* For semantic reasons, using <code>&lt;code&gt;</code> where applicable is preferable to using <code>&lt;tt&gt;</code>.
|
<pre><nowiki>
A typewriter font for <tt>monospace text</tt>
or for computer code: <code>int main()</code>
</nowiki></pre>
|- valign="top"
|
You can use <small>small text</small> for captions.
|
<pre><nowiki>
You can use <small>small text</small> for captions.
</nowiki></pre>
|- valign="top"
|
You can <s>strike out deleted material</s>
and <u>underline new material</u>.
 
You can also mark <del>deleted material</del> and
<ins>inserted material</ins> using logical markup
rather than visual markup.
 
* When editing regular Wikipedia articles, just make your changes and do not mark them up in any special way.
* When editing your own previous remarks in talk pages, it is sometimes appropriate to mark up deleted or inserted material.
|
<pre><nowiki>
You can <s>strike out deleted material</s>
and <u>underline new material</u>.
 
You can also mark <del>deleted material</del> and
<ins>inserted material</ins> using logical markup
rather than visual markup.
</nowiki></pre>
|- valign="top"
|
'''Diacritical marks:'''
<br/>
À Á Â Ã Ä Å <br/>
Æ Ç È É Ê Ë <br/>
Ì Í
Î Ï Ñ Ò <br/>
Ó Ô Õ
Ö Ø Ù <br/>
Ú Û Ü ß
à á <br/>
â ã ä å æ
ç <br/>
è é ê ë ì í<br/>
î ï ñ ò ó ô <br/>
&oelig; õ
ö ø ù ú <br/>
û ü ÿ
 
* See [[Wikipedia:meta:Help:Special characters|special characters]].
|
<br/>
<pre><nowiki>
&amp;Agrave; &amp;Aacute; &amp;Acirc; &amp;Atilde; &amp;Auml; &amp;Aring;
&amp;AElig; &amp;Ccedil; &amp;Egrave; &amp;Eacute; &amp;Ecirc; &amp;Euml;
&amp;Igrave; &amp;Iacute; &amp;Icirc; &amp;Iuml; &amp;Ntilde; &amp;Ograve;
&amp;Oacute; &amp;Ocirc; &amp;Otilde; &amp;Ouml; &amp;Oslash; &amp;Ugrave;
&amp;Uacute; &amp;Ucirc; &amp;Uuml; &amp;szlig; &amp;agrave; &amp;aacute;
&amp;acirc; &amp;atilde; &amp;auml; &amp;aring; &amp;aelig; &amp;ccedil;
&amp;egrave; &amp;eacute; &amp;ecirc; &amp;euml; &amp;igrave; &amp;iacute;
&amp;icirc; &amp;iuml; &amp;ntilde; &amp;ograve; &amp;oacute; &amp;ocirc;
&amp;oelig; &amp;otilde; &amp;ouml; &amp;oslash; &amp;ugrave; &amp;uacute;
&amp;ucirc; &amp;uuml; &amp;yuml;
</nowiki></pre>
|- valign="top"
|
'''Punctuation:'''
<br/>
¿ ¡ § ¶<br/>
&dagger; &Dagger; &bull; &ndash; &mdash;<br/>
&lsaquo; &rsaquo; « »<br/>
&lsquo; &rsquo; &ldquo; &rdquo;
|
<br/>
<pre><nowiki>
&amp;iquest; &amp;iexcl; &amp;sect; &amp;para;
&amp;dagger; &amp;Dagger; &amp;bull; &amp;ndash; &amp;mdash;
&amp;lsaquo; &amp;rsaquo; &amp;laquo; &amp;raquo;
&amp;lsquo; &amp;rsquo; &amp;ldquo; &amp;rdquo;
</nowiki></pre>
|- valign="top"
|
'''Commercial symbols:'''
<br/>
&trade; © ® ¢ &euro; ¥<br/>
£ ¤
|
<br/>
<pre><nowiki>
&amp;trade; &amp;copy; &amp;reg; &amp;cent; &amp;euro; &amp;yen;
&amp;pound; &amp;curren;
</nowiki></pre>
|- valign="top"
|
'''Subscripts:'''
<br/>
x<sub>1</sub> x<sub>2</sub> x<sub>3</sub> or
<br/>
x&#8320; x&#8321; x&#8322; x&#8323; x&#8324;
<br/>
x&#8325; x&#8326; x&#8327; x&#8328; x&#8329;
 
'''Superscripts:'''
<br/>
x<sup>1</sup> x<sup>2</sup> x<sup>3</sup> or
<br/>
x&#8304; x&sup1; x&sup2; x&sup3; x&#8308;
<br/>
x&#8309; x&#8310; x&#8311; x&#8312; x&#8313;
 
*The latter methods of sub/superscripting cannot be used in the most general context, as they rely on Unicode support which may not be present on all users' machines. For the 1-2-3 superscripts, it is nevertheless preferred when possible (as with units of measurement) because most browsers have an easier time formatting lines with it.
 
&epsilon;<sub>0</sub> =
8.85 &times; 10<sup>&minus;12</sup>
C&sup2; / J m.
 
1 [[Wikipedia:hectare|hectare]] = [[Wikipedia:1 E4 m&sup2;|1 E4 m&sup2;]]
|
<br/>
<pre><nowiki>
x<sub>1</sub> x<sub>2</sub> x<sub>3</sub> or
<br/>
x&amp;#8320; x&amp;#8321; x&amp;#8322; x&amp;#8323; x&amp;#8324;
<br/>
x&amp;#8325; x&amp;#8326; x&amp;#8327; x&amp;#8328; x&amp;#8329;
</nowiki></pre>
 
<pre><nowiki>
x<sup>1</sup> x<sup>2</sup> x<sup>3</sup> or
<br/>
x&amp;#8304; x&amp;sup1; x&amp;sup2; x&amp;sup3; x&amp;#8308;
<br/>
x&amp;#8309; x&amp;#8310; x&amp;#8311; x&amp;#8312; x&amp;#8313;
 
&amp;epsilon;<sub>0</sub> =
8.85 &amp;times; 10<sup>&amp;minus;12</sup>
C&amp;sup2; / J m.
 
1 [[hectare]] = [[1 E4 m&amp;sup2;]]
</nowiki></pre>
|- valign="top"
|
'''Greek characters:'''
<br/>
&alpha; &beta; &gamma; &delta; &epsilon; &zeta;<br/>
&eta; &theta; &iota; &kappa; &lambda; &mu; &nu;<br/>
&xi; &omicron; &pi; &rho; &sigma; &sigmaf;<br/>
&tau; &upsilon; &phi; &chi; &psi; &omega;<br/>
&Gamma; &Delta; &Theta; &Lambda; &Xi; &Pi;<br/>
&Sigma; &Phi; &Psi; &Omega;
|
<br/>
<pre><nowiki>
&amp;alpha; &amp;beta; &amp;gamma; &amp;delta; &amp;epsilon; &amp;zeta;
&amp;eta; &amp;theta; &amp;iota; &amp;kappa; &amp;lambda; &amp;mu; &amp;nu;
&amp;xi; &amp;omicron; &amp;pi; &amp;rho; &amp;sigma; &amp;sigmaf;
&amp;tau; &amp;upsilon; &amp;phi; &amp;chi; &amp;psi; &amp;omega;
&amp;Gamma; &amp;Delta; &amp;Theta; &amp;Lambda; &amp;Xi; &amp;Pi;
&amp;Sigma; &amp;Phi; &amp;Psi; &amp;Omega;
</nowiki></pre>
|- valign="top"
|
'''Mathematical characters:'''
<br/>
&int; &sum; &prod; &radic; &minus; &plusmn; &infin;<br/>
&asymp; &prop; &equiv; &ne; &le; &ge;<br/>
&times; &middot; &divide; &part; &prime; &Prime;<br/>
&nabla; &permil; &deg; &there4; &alefsym; &oslash;<br/>
&isin; &notin; &cap; &cup; &sub; &sup; &sube; &supe;<br/>
&not; &and; &or; &exist; &forall; &rArr; &hArr;<br/>
&rarr; &harr;<br/>
* See also [[Wikipedia:WikiProject Mathematics|WikiProject Mathematics]].
|
<br/>
<pre><nowiki>
&amp;int; &amp;sum; &amp;prod; &amp;radic; &amp;minus; &amp;plusmn; &amp;infin;
&amp;asymp; &amp;prop; &amp;equiv; &amp;ne; &amp;le; &amp;ge;
&amp;times; &amp;middot; &amp;divide; &amp;part; &amp;prime; &amp;Prime;
&amp;nabla; &amp;permil; &amp;deg; &amp;there4; &amp;alefsym; &amp;oslash;
&amp;isin; &amp;notin; &amp;cap; &amp;cup; &amp;sub; &amp;sup; &amp;sube; &amp;supe;
&amp;not; &amp;and; &amp;or; &amp;exist; &amp;forall; &amp;rArr; &amp;hArr;
&amp;rarr; &amp;harr;
</nowiki></pre>
|- valign="top"
|
'''Spacing in simple math formulas:'''
<br/>
Obviously, ''x''&sup2;&nbsp;&ge;&nbsp;0 is true.
*To space things out without allowing line breaks to interrupt the formula, use non-breaking spaces: <tt>&amp;nbsp;</tt>.
|
<br/>
<pre><nowiki>
Obviously, ''x''&amp;sup2;&amp;nbsp;&amp;ge;&amp;nbsp;0 is true.
</nowiki></pre>
|- valign="top"
|
'''Complicated formulas:'''
<br/>
: <math>\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}</math>
* See [[Wikipedia:Help:Formula|Help:Formula]] for how to use <tt>&lt;math></tt>.
* A formula displayed on a line by itself should probably be indented by using the colon (:) character.
|
<br/>
<pre><nowiki>
: <math>\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}</math>
</nowiki></pre>
|- valign="top"
|
'''Suppressing interpretation of markup:'''
<br/>
<nowiki>Link &rarr; (''to'') the [[Wikipedia FAQ]]</nowiki>
* Used to show literal data that would otherwise have special meaning.
* Escape all wiki markup, including that which looks like HTML tags.
* Does not escape HTML character references.
* To escape HTML character references such as <tt>&amp;rarr;</tt> use <tt>&amp;amp;rarr;</tt>
|
<br/>
<pre><nowiki>
&lt;nowiki>Link &amp;rarr; (''to'')
the [[Wikipedia FAQ]]&lt;/nowiki>
</nowiki></pre>
|- valign="top"
|
'''Commenting page source:'''
<br/>
''not shown when viewing page''
* Used to leave comments in a page for future editors.
* Note that most comments should go on the appropriate [[Wikipedia:Talk page|Talk page]].
|
<br/>
<pre><nowiki>
&lt;!-- comment here -->
</nowiki></pre>
|}
''(see also: [[Wikipedia:Chess symbols in Unicode]])''
 
=== Table of Contents ===
==== Placement of the Table of Contents (TOC) ====
At the current status of the wiki markup language, having at least four headers on a page triggers the TOC to appear in front of the first header (or after introductory sections).  Putting <nowiki>__TOC__</nowiki> anywhere forces the TOC to appear at that point (instead of just before the first header).  Putting <nowiki>__NOTOC__</nowiki> anywhere forces the TOC to disappear.  See also [[Wikipedia:Section#Compact_TOC|compact TOC]] for alphabet and year headings.
 
==== Keeping headings out of the Table of Contents ====
 
If you want some subheadings to not appear in the Table of Contents, then make the following replacements.
 
Replace  <nowiki> == Header 2 == with <h2> Header 2 </h2> </nowiki>
 
Replace  <nowiki> === Header 3 === with <h3> Header 3 </h3> </nowiki>
 
And so forth.
 
For example, notice that the following header has the same font as the other subheaders to this "Tables" section, but the following header does not appear in the Table of Contents for this page.
 
<h4> This header has the h4 font, but is NOT in the Table of Contents</h4>
 
This effect is obtained by the following line of code.
 
<tt><nowiki><h4> This header has the h4 font, but is NOT in the Table of Contents </h4></nowiki></tt>
 
Note that when editing by section, this approach places the text between the tags in the subsequent section, not the previous section. To edit this text, click the edit link next to "Tables", not the one above.
 
=== Tables ===
There are two ways to build tables:
*in special Wiki-markup (see [[Wikipedia:Help:Table|Help:Table]])
*with the usual HTML elements: &lt;table&gt;, &lt;tr&gt;, &lt;td&gt; or &lt;th&gt;.
 
For the latter, and a discussion on when tables are appropriate, see [[Wikipedia:How to use tables]].
 
===Variables===
 
''(See also [[Wikipedia:Help:Variable|Help:Variable]])''
{|
|-
! Code
! Effect
|-
| <nowiki>{{CURRENTMONTH}}</nowiki> || {{CURRENTMONTH}}
|-
| <nowiki>{{CURRENTMONTHNAME}}</nowiki>
| {{CURRENTMONTHNAME}}
|-
| <nowiki>{{CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN}}</nowiki>
| {{CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN}}
|-
| <nowiki>{{CURRENTDAY}}</nowiki> || {{CURRENTDAY}}
|-
| <nowiki>{{CURRENTDAYNAME}}</nowiki> || {{CURRENTDAYNAME}}
|-
| <nowiki>{{CURRENTYEAR}}</nowiki> || {{CURRENTYEAR}}
|-
| <nowiki>{{CURRENTTIME}}</nowiki> || {{CURRENTTIME}}
|-
| <nowiki>{{NUMBEROFARTICLES}}</nowiki>
| {{NUMBEROFARTICLES}}
|-
| <nowiki>{{PAGENAME}}</nowiki> || {{PAGENAME}}
|-
| <nowiki>{{NAMESPACE}}</nowiki> || {{NAMESPACE}}
|-
| <nowiki>{{localurl:pagename}}</nowiki>
| {{localurl:pagename}}
|-
| <nowiki>{{localurl:</nowiki>''Battlestar Wiki:Sandbox''<nowiki>|action=edit}}</nowiki>
| {{localurl:Battlestar Wiki:Sandbox|action=edit}}
|-
| <nowiki>{{SERVER}}</nowiki> || {{SERVER}}
|-
| <nowiki>{{ns:1}}</nowiki> || {{ns:1}}
|-
| <nowiki>{{ns:2}}</nowiki> || {{ns:2}}
|-
| <nowiki>{{ns:3}}</nowiki> || {{ns:3}}
|-
| <nowiki>{{ns:4}}</nowiki> || {{ns:4}}
|-
| <nowiki>{{ns:5}}</nowiki> || {{ns:5}}
|-
| <nowiki>{{ns:6}}</nowiki> || {{ns:6}}
|-
| <nowiki>{{ns:7}}</nowiki> || {{ns:7}}
|-
| <nowiki>{{ns:8}}</nowiki> || {{ns:8}}
|-
| <nowiki>{{ns:9}}</nowiki> || {{ns:9}}
|-
| <nowiki>{{ns:10}}</nowiki> || {{ns:10}}
|-
| <nowiki>{{ns:11}}</nowiki> || {{ns:11}}
|-
| <nowiki>{{ns:12}}</nowiki> || {{ns:12}}
|-
| <nowiki>{{ns:13}}</nowiki> || {{ns:13}}
|-
| <nowiki>{{ns:14}}</nowiki> || {{ns:14}}
|-
| <nowiki>{{ns:15}}</nowiki> || {{ns:15}}
|-
| <nowiki>{{SITENAME}}</nowiki> || {{SITENAME}}
|}
 
'''NUMBEROFARTICLES''' is the number of pages in the main namespace which contain a link and are not a redirect, in other words number of articles, stubs containing a link, and disambiguation pages.
 
'''CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN''' is the genitive (possessive) grammatical form of the month name, as used in some languages; '''CURRENTMONTHNAME''' is the nominative (subject) form, as usually seen in English.
 
In languages where it makes a difference, you can use constructs like <nowiki>{{grammar:case|word}}</nowiki> to convert a word from the nominative case to some other case.  For example, <nowiki>{{grammar:genitive|{{CURRENTMONTHNAME}}}}</nowiki> means the same as <nowiki>{{CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN}}</nowiki>. <!-- Is there a reference for this, other than the source code (for example, phase3/languages/Lnaguage*.php) ? -->
 
===Templates===
 
The [[Wikipedia:MediaWiki|MediaWiki]] software used by Wikipedia has support for templates. This means standardized text chunks (such as [[Wikipedia:Template messages|boilerplate]] text) can be inserted into articles. For example, typing <nowiki>{{stub}}</nowiki> will appear as "''This article is a [[Wikipedia:The perfect stub article|stub]]. You can help Wikipedia by [[Wikipedia:Find or fix a stub|expanding it]].''" when the page is saved. See [[Wikipedia:Template messages]] for the complete list. Other commonly used ones are: <nowiki>{{disambig}}</nowiki> for disambiguation pages, <nowiki>{{spoiler}}</nowiki> for spoiler warnings and <nowiki>{{sectstub}}</nowiki> like an article stub but for a section. There are many subject-specific stubs for example: <nowiki> {{Geo-stub}}, {{Hist-stub}}, and {{Linux-stub}}</nowiki>. For a complete list of stubs see [[Wikipedia:Template messages/Stubs]].
 
===Hiding the edit links===
 
Insert '''<nowiki>__NOEDITSECTION__</nowiki>''' into the document to suppress the edit links that appear next to every section header.
 
==More information on editing wiki pages==
 
You may also want to learn about:
 
* [[Help:Starting a new page|How to start a page]]
* Informal tips on [[Wikipedia:Contributing to Wikipedia|contributing to Wikipedia]]
* Editing tasks in general at the [[Wikipedia:Editing FAQ]]
* Why not to rename pages '''boldly''', at [[Wikipedia:How to rename (move) a page]]
* Preferred layout of your article, at [[Wikipedia:Guide to Layout|Guide to Layout]] (see also [[Wikipedia:Boilerplate text]])
* Style conventions in the [[Wikipedia:Manual of Style]]
* An article with annotations pointing out common Wikipedia style and layout issues, at [[Wikipedia:Annotated article]]
* General policies in [[Wikipedia:Policies and guidelines]]
* [[Wikipedia:Naming conventions]] for how to name articles themselves
* If you are making an article about something that belongs to a group of objects (a city, an astronomical object, a chinese character...) check if there is a [[Wikipedia:WikiProject|WikiProject]] on the group and try to follow its directions explicitly.
* Finally, for a list of  articles about editing Wikipedia consult [[Wikipedia:Style and How-to Directory]].
 
*[[Wikipedia:Help:Formula|Help:Formula]]
*[[Wikipedia:m:Help:Editing|Mediawiki user's guide to editing]]
*[[Wikipedia:MediaWiki]]
 
=='Wikipedia Article Editing' Flash Tutorial==
*[http://www.myfilehut.com/userfiles/Random%20Uploader/Wikipedia_Article_Editing_Tutorial.swf A Flash tutorial about editing Wikipedia articles (1.49MB)]
 
[[Category: A to Z]] [[Category: GFDL Licensed Works]] [[Category: Wikipedia|{{PAGENAME}}]]

Latest revision as of 01:00, 18 February 2007

BSG WIKI Project.png This page is one of Battlestar Wiki's many projects.
This page serves to coordinate discussion on a particular aspect of this Wiki. The formal recommendations of a project may be treated as policies.
Shortcut:
BW:HELPSYS
BW:HELP